(四十四)Android O WiFi启动流程梳理

前言:最近又重新拿起来WiFi模块,从WiFi 各个流程梳理开始复习一下。

 

参考博客https://blog.csdn.net/csdn_of_coder/article/details/51541094

(里面也不少framework和WiFi的文章,我得过一遍,很对口)

 

aosp: Android O

 

1.wifi启动流程简介

用户可以通过systemUi和设置里的WiFi开关打开WiFi,这时候会调用到wifi framework的相关接口,继而再继续往下启用具体的硬件完成WiFi启动流程,我只对应用到framework层有些简单的了解,本篇也主要注重framework这一块,app层没啥好说的。

 

2.WiFi启动流程梳理

我之前是负责设置模块的,systemUi代码虽然看过,但是不是很熟,所以WiFi打开流程还是从设置的WiFi开关开始梳理吧,不考虑打开飞行模式后打开WiFi的情况=-=

2.1 设置启动WiFi

设置这边说到底其实就是监控WiFi开关的变化,然后根据开关走对应的逻辑处理。

两个比较重要的类:

1)WifiSettings:设置中wifi主界面所对应的代码

2)WifiEnabler:设置中负责wifi开关打开和关闭事件处理的类

/aosp/packages/apps/Settings$ vim ./src/com/android/settings/wifi/WifiSettings.java

    /**
     * @return new WifiEnabler or null (as overridden by WifiSettingsForSetupWizard)
     */
    private WifiEnabler createWifiEnabler() {
        final SettingsActivity activity = (SettingsActivity) getActivity();
        return new WifiEnabler(activity, new SwitchBarController(activity.getSwitchBar()),
            mMetricsFeatureProvider);
    }

 

/aosp/packages/apps/Settings$ vim ./src/com/android/settings/widget/SwitchBarController.java

public class SwitchBarController extends SwitchWidgetController implements
    SwitchBar.OnSwitchChangeListener {

    private final SwitchBar mSwitchBar;

    public SwitchBarController(SwitchBar switchBar) {
        mSwitchBar = switchBar;
    }
...
    @Override
    public void startListening() {
        mSwitchBar.addOnSwitchChangeListener(this);
    }
...
    @Override
    public void onSwitchChanged(Switch switchView, boolean isChecked) {
        if (mListener != null) {
            mListener.onSwitchToggled(isChecked);
        }
    }

 

/aosp/packages/apps/Settings/src/com/android/settings/wifi/WifiEnabler.java

    @VisibleForTesting
    WifiEnabler(Context context, SwitchWidgetController switchWidget,
            MetricsFeatureProvider metricsFeatureProvider,
            ConnectivityManagerWrapper connectivityManagerWrapper) {
        mContext = context;
        mSwitchWidget = switchWidget;
        mSwitchWidget.setListener(this);
        mMetricsFeatureProvider = metricsFeatureProvider;
        mWifiManager = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
        mConnectivityManager = connectivityManagerWrapper;

        mIntentFilter = new IntentFilter(WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION);
        // The order matters! We really should not depend on this. :(
        mIntentFilter.addAction(WifiManager.SUPPLICANT_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION);
        mIntentFilter.addAction(WifiManager.NETWORK_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION);

        setupSwitchController();
    }
mSwitchWidget.setListener(this);
        mMetricsFeatureProvider = metricsFeatureProvider;
        mWifiManager = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
        mConnectivityManager = connectivityManagerWrapper;

        mIntentFilter = new IntentFilter(WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION);
        // The order matters! We really should not depend on this. :(
        mIntentFilter.addAction(WifiManager.SUPPLICANT_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION);
        mIntentFilter.addAction(WifiManager.NETWORK_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION);

        setupSwitchController();
    }
    public void setupSwitchController() {
        final int state = mWifiManager.getWifiState();
        handleWifiStateChanged(state);
        if (!mListeningToOnSwitchChange) {
            mSwitchWidget.startListening();
            mListeningToOnSwitchChange = true;
        }
        mSwitchWidget.setupView();
    }
@Override
    public boolean onSwitchToggled(boolean isChecked) {
        //Do nothing if called as a result of a state machine event
        if (mStateMachineEvent) {
            return true;
        }
        // Show toast message if Wi-Fi is not allowed in airplane mode
        if (isChecked && !WirelessUtils.isRadioAllowed(mContext, Settings.Global.RADIO_WIFI)) {
            Toast.makeText(mContext, R.string.wifi_in_airplane_mode, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            // Reset switch to off. No infinite check/listenenr loop.
            mSwitchWidget.setChecked(false);
            return false;
        }

        // Disable tethering if enabling Wifi
        if (mayDisableTethering(isChecked)) {
            mConnectivityManager.stopTethering(ConnectivityManager.TETHERING_WIFI);
        }
        if (isChecked) {
            mMetricsFeatureProvider.action(mContext, MetricsEvent.ACTION_WIFI_ON);
        } else {
            // Log if user was connected at the time of switching off.
            mMetricsFeatureProvider.action(mContext, MetricsEvent.ACTION_WIFI_OFF,
                    mConnected.get());
        }
        if (!mWifiManager.setWifiEnabled(isChecked)) {
            // Error
            mSwitchWidget.setEnabled(true);
            Toast.makeText(mContext, R.string.wifi_error, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
        return true;
    }mWifiManager.setWifiEnabled(isChecked)) {
            // Error
            mSwitchWidget.setEnabled(true);
            Toast.makeText(mContext, R.string.wifi_error, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
        return true;
    }

看到这里其实发现应用层打开和关闭WiFi就是调用了下WifiManager的setWifiEabled(boolean)接口即可。

 

2.2 WiFi framework

看下WifiManager的setWifiEabled(boolean)接口

framework/base/wifi/java/android/net/wifi/WifiManager.java

    /**
     * Enable or disable Wi-Fi.
     *
     * Note: This method will return false if wifi cannot be enabled (e.g., an incompatible mode
     * where the user has enabled tethering or Airplane Mode).
     *
     * Applications need to have the {@link android.Manifest.permission#CHANGE_WIFI_STATE}
     * permission to toggle wifi. Callers without the permissions will trigger a
     * {@link java.lang.SecurityException}.
     *
     * @param enabled {@code true} to enable, {@code false} to disable.
     * @return {@code true} if the operation succeeds (or if the existing state
     *         is the same as the requested state). False if wifi cannot be toggled on/off when the
     *         request is made.
     */
    public boolean setWifiEnabled(boolean enabled) {
        try {
            return mService.setWifiEnabled(mContext.getOpPackageName(), enabled);
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            throw e.rethrowFromSystemServer();
        }
    }

2.2.1 WifiService是什么

而mService是啥呢

    IWifiManager mService;
    /**
     * Create a new WifiManager instance.
     * Applications will almost always want to use
     * {@link android.content.Context#getSystemService Context.getSystemService()} to retrieve
     * the standard {@link android.content.Context#WIFI_SERVICE Context.WIFI_SERVICE}.
     * @param context the application context
     * @param service the Binder interface
     * @hide - hide this because it takes in a parameter of type IWifiManager, which
     * is a system private class.
     */
    public WifiManager(Context context, IWifiManager service, Looper looper) {
        mContext = context;
        mService = service;
        mLooper = looper;
        mTargetSdkVersion = context.getApplicationInfo().targetSdkVersion;
    }

应用层的WifiManager都是这么来的

mWifiManager = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);

那真正的WifiManager实例是谁来new出来的呢?

有这么一个类:

/framework/base/core/java/android/app/SystemServiceRegistry.java

        registerService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE, WifiManager.class,
                new CachedServiceFetcher<WifiManager>() {
            @Override
            public WifiManager createService(ContextImpl ctx) throws ServiceNotFoundException {
                IBinder b = ServiceManager.getServiceOrThrow(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
                IWifiManager service = IWifiManager.Stub.asInterface(b);
                return new WifiManager(ctx.getOuterContext(), service,
                        ConnectivityThread.getInstanceLooper());
            }});

它有个静态代码块,大致如下,负责创建各种manager实例

final class SystemServiceRegistry {
...

    // Not instantiable.
    private SystemServiceRegistry() { }

    static {
        registerService(Context.ACCESSIBILITY_SERVICE, AccessibilityManager.class,
                new CachedServiceFetcher<AccessibilityManager>() {
            @Override
            public AccessibilityManager createService(ContextImpl ctx) {
                return AccessibilityManager.getInstance(ctx);
            }});

        registerService(Context.CAPTIONING_SERVICE, CaptioningManager.class,
                new CachedServiceFetcher<CaptioningManager>() {
            @Override
            public CaptioningManager createService(ContextImpl ctx) {
                return new CaptioningManager(ctx);
            }});

        registerService(Context.ACCOUNT_SERVICE, AccountManager.class,
                new CachedServiceFetcher<AccountManager>() {
            @Override
            public AccountManager createService(ContextImpl ctx) throws ServiceNotFoundException {
                IBinder b = ServiceManager.getServiceOrThrow(Context.ACCOUNT_SERVICE);
                IAccountManager service = IAccountManager.Stub.asInterface(b);
                return new AccountManager(ctx, service);
            }});
...
}

而调用呢,则看我们之前说的应用层ContextImpl的getSystemService方法

    // The system service cache for the system services that are cached per-ContextImpl.
    final Object[] mServiceCache = SystemServiceRegistry.createServiceCache();
    @Override
    public Object getSystemService(String name) {
        return SystemServiceRegistry.getSystemService(this, name);
    }

SystemServiceRegistry

    // Service registry information.
    // This information is never changed once static initialization has completed.
    private static final HashMap<Class<?>, String> SYSTEM_SERVICE_NAMES =
            new HashMap<Class<?>, String>();
    private static final HashMap<String, ServiceFetcher<?>> SYSTEM_SERVICE_FETCHERS =
            new HashMap<String, ServiceFetcher<?>>();    
    /**
     * Gets a system service from a given context.
     */
    public static Object getSystemService(ContextImpl ctx, String name) {
        ServiceFetcher<?> fetcher = SYSTEM_SERVICE_FETCHERS.get(name);
        return fetcher != null ? fetcher.getService(ctx) : null;
    }
    /**
     * Statically registers a system service with the context.
     * This method must be called during static initialization only.
     */
    private static <T> void registerService(String serviceName, Class<T> serviceClass,
            ServiceFetcher<T> serviceFetcher) {
        SYSTEM_SERVICE_NAMES.put(serviceClass, serviceName);
        SYSTEM_SERVICE_FETCHERS.put(serviceName, serviceFetcher);
    }

这里主要就弄清了一件事,WifiManager是aidl的客户端,具体逻辑还是要去看服务端的。即看下Service对应代码:

IBinder b = ServiceManager.getServiceOrThrow(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);

 

而之前在(四十一) SystemServer初探有说到WifiService

 

                // Wifi Service must be started first for wifi-related services.
                traceBeginAndSlog("StartWifi");
                mSystemServiceManager.startService(WIFI_SERVICE_CLASS);
                traceEnd();
    private static final String WIFI_SERVICE_CLASS =
            "com.android.server.wifi.WifiService";

这里感觉是有关的。

ServiceManager是这样的:

public final class ServiceManager {
    private static final String TAG = "ServiceManager";
   /**
     * Returns a reference to a service with the given name.
     * 
     * @param name the name of the service to get
     * @return a reference to the service, or <code>null</code> if the service doesn't exist
     */
    public static IBinder getService(String name) {
        try {
            IBinder service = sCache.get(name);
            if (service != null) {
                return service;
            } else {
                return Binder.allowBlocking(getIServiceManager().getService(name));
            }
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "error in getService", e);
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * Returns a reference to a service with the given name, or throws
     * {@link NullPointerException} if none is found.
     *
     * @hide
     */
    public static IBinder getServiceOrThrow(String name) throws ServiceNotFoundException {
        final IBinder binder = getService(name);
        if (binder != null) {
            return binder;
        } else {
            throw new ServiceNotFoundException(name);
        }
    }
...
    /**
     * This is only intended to be called when the process is first being brought
     * up and bound by the activity manager. There is only one thread in the process
     * at that time, so no locking is done.
     * 
     * @param cache the cache of service references
     * @hide
     */
    public static void initServiceCache(Map<String, IBinder> cache) {
        if (sCache.size() != 0) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("setServiceCache may only be called once");
        }
        sCache.putAll(cache);
    }

可以看到Service的IBinder要么从cache里取出来的,要么getIServiceManager().getService(name)取到的,那就先看下initServiceCache是在哪里调用的?

./base/core/java/android/app/ActivityThread.java

        public final void bindApplication(String processName, ApplicationInfo appInfo,
                List<ProviderInfo> providers, ComponentName instrumentationName,
                ProfilerInfo profilerInfo, Bundle instrumentationArgs,
                IInstrumentationWatcher instrumentationWatcher,
                IUiAutomationConnection instrumentationUiConnection, int debugMode,
                boolean enableBinderTracking, boolean trackAllocation,
                boolean isRestrictedBackupMode, boolean persistent, Configuration config,
                CompatibilityInfo compatInfo, Map services, Bundle coreSettings,
                String buildSerial) {

            if (services != null) {
                // Setup the service cache in the ServiceManager
                ServiceManager.initServiceCache(services);
            }

那bindApplication是在 哪里调用的呢?

AMS:

           if (app.instr != null) {
                thread.bindApplication(processName, appInfo, providers,
                        app.instr.mClass,
                        profilerInfo, app.instr.mArguments,
                        app.instr.mWatcher,
                        app.instr.mUiAutomationConnection, testMode,
                        mBinderTransactionTrackingEnabled, enableTrackAllocation,
                        isRestrictedBackupMode || !normalMode, app.persistent,
                        new Configuration(getGlobalConfiguration()), app.compat,
                        getCommonServicesLocked(app.isolated),
                        mCoreSettingsObserver.getCoreSettingsLocked(),
                        buildSerial);
            } else {
                thread.bindApplication(processName, appInfo, providers, null, profilerInfo,
                        null, null, null, testMode,
                        mBinderTransactionTrackingEnabled, enableTrackAllocation,
                        isRestrictedBackupMode || !normalMode, app.persistent,
                        new Configuration(getGlobalConfiguration()), app.compat,
                        getCommonServicesLocked(app.isolated),
                        mCoreSettingsObserver.getCoreSettingsLocked(),
                        buildSerial);
            }
    /**
     * Initialize the application bind args. These are passed to each
     * process when the bindApplication() IPC is sent to the process. They're
     * lazily setup to make sure the services are running when they're asked for.
     */
    private HashMap<String, IBinder> getCommonServicesLocked(boolean isolated) {
        // Isolated processes won't get this optimization, so that we don't
        // violate the rules about which services they have access to.
        if (isolated) {
            if (mIsolatedAppBindArgs == null) {
                mIsolatedAppBindArgs = new HashMap<>();
                mIsolatedAppBindArgs.put("package", ServiceManager.getService("package"));
            }
            return mIsolatedAppBindArgs;
        }

        if (mAppBindArgs == null) {
            mAppBindArgs = new HashMap<>();

            // Setup the application init args
            mAppBindArgs.put("package", ServiceManager.getService("package"));
            mAppBindArgs.put("window", ServiceManager.getService("window"));
            mAppBindArgs.put(Context.ALARM_SERVICE,
                    ServiceManager.getService(Context.ALARM_SERVICE));
        }
        return mAppBindArgs;
    }

这里少了wifi相关的Service,所以还是走的

getIServiceManager().getService(name)
    private static IServiceManager getIServiceManager() {
        if (sServiceManager != null) {
            return sServiceManager;
        }

        // Find the service manager
        sServiceManager = ServiceManagerNative
                .asInterface(Binder.allowBlocking(BinderInternal.getContextObject()));
        return sServiceManager;
    }

这里梳理不下去了=-=尴尬,待续。。。有兴趣的可以看下https://www.jianshu.com/p/93644d6f9e02
 

“从最表层的API过度到JNI层,然后与Lib层通讯”什么鬼,我只是个java工程师=-=

先给个结论,wifiManager调用接口是调用到WifiServiceImpl那边去了。

-------------------------------2018/6/19日更新,native层的正推没办法了,从倒推开始吧----------------------------------------

之前讲过WifiService是在SystemServer启动起来的,流程如下:

SystemServer.java:

                // Wifi Service must be started first for wifi-related services.
                traceBeginAndSlog("StartWifi");
                mSystemServiceManager.startService(WIFI_SERVICE_CLASS);
                traceEnd();

SystemServiceManager:

简单来说就是调用下WIFI_SERVICE_CLASS("com.android.server.wifi.WifiService")的构造器和onStart方法

/**
     * Starts a service by class name.
     *
     * @return The service instance.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public SystemService startService(String className) {
        final Class<SystemService> serviceClass;
        try {
            serviceClass = (Class<SystemService>)Class.forName(className);
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
            Slog.i(TAG, "Starting " + className);
            throw new RuntimeException("Failed to create service " + className
                    + ": service class not found, usually indicates that the caller should "
                    + "have called PackageManager.hasSystemFeature() to check whether the "
                    + "feature is available on this device before trying to start the "
                    + "services that implement it", ex);
        }
        return startService(serviceClass);
    }

    /**
     * Creates and starts a system service. The class must be a subclass of
     * {@link com.android.server.SystemService}.
     *
     * @param serviceClass A Java class that implements the SystemService interface.
     * @return The service instance, never null.
     * @throws RuntimeException if the service fails to start.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public <T extends SystemService> T startService(Class<T> serviceClass) {
        try {
            final String name = serviceClass.getName();
            Slog.i(TAG, "Starting " + name);
            Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_SYSTEM_SERVER, "StartService " + name);

            // Create the service.
            if (!SystemService.class.isAssignableFrom(serviceClass)) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Failed to create " + name
                        + ": service must extend " + SystemService.class.getName());
            }
            final T service;
            try {
                Constructor<T> constructor = serviceClass.getConstructor(Context.class);
                service = constructor.newInstance(mContext);
            } catch (InstantiationException ex) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Failed to create service " + name
                        + ": service could not be instantiated", ex);
            } catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Failed to create service " + name
                        + ": service must have a public constructor with a Context argument", ex);
            } catch (NoSuchMethodException ex) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Failed to create service " + name
                        + ": service must have a public constructor with a Context argument", ex);
            } catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Failed to create service " + name
                        + ": service constructor threw an exception", ex);
            }

            startService(service);
            return service;
        } finally {
            Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_SYSTEM_SERVER);
        }
    }

    public void startService(@NonNull final SystemService service) {
        // Register it.
        mServices.add(service);
        // Start it.
        long time = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime();
        try {
            service.onStart();
        } catch (RuntimeException ex) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Failed to start service " + service.getClass().getName()
                    + ": onStart threw an exception", ex);
        }
        warnIfTooLong(SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - time, service, "onStart");
    }

WifiService:

public final class WifiService extends SystemService {

    private static final String TAG = "WifiService";
    final WifiServiceImpl mImpl;

    public WifiService(Context context) {
        super(context);
        mImpl = new WifiServiceImpl(context, new WifiInjector(context), new WifiAsyncChannel(TAG));
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart() {
        Log.i(TAG, "Registering " + Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
        publishBinderService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE, mImpl);
    }

SystemService:

    protected final void publishBinderService(String name, IBinder service) {
        publishBinderService(name, service, false);
    }

    /**
     * Publish the service so it is accessible to other services and apps.
     */
    protected final void publishBinderService(String name, IBinder service,
            boolean allowIsolated) {
        ServiceManager.addService(name, service, allowIsolated);
    }

这边的addService方法和getService方法是对应起来的,一个get,一个add。

所以之前的getService方法就是WifiServiceImpl。

 

IBinder b = ServiceManager.getServiceOrThrow(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);

 

 

 

 

2.2.2 Service的WiFi启动流程

先看下WifiServiceImpl流程:

public class WifiServiceImpl extends IWifiManager.Stub {

    /**
     * see {@link android.net.wifi.WifiManager#setWifiEnabled(boolean)}
     * @param enable {@code true} to enable, {@code false} to disable.
     * @return {@code true} if the enable/disable operation was
     *         started or is already in the queue.
     */
    @Override
    public synchronized boolean setWifiEnabled(String packageName, boolean enable)
            throws RemoteException {
        enforceChangePermission();
        Slog.d(TAG, "setWifiEnabled: " + enable + " pid=" + Binder.getCallingPid()
                    + ", uid=" + Binder.getCallingUid() + ", package=" + packageName);
        mLog.info("setWifiEnabled package=% uid=% enable=%").c(packageName)
                .c(Binder.getCallingUid()).c(enable).flush();

        boolean isFromSettings = checkNetworkSettingsPermission(
                Binder.getCallingPid(), Binder.getCallingUid());

        // If Airplane mode is enabled, only Settings is allowed to toggle Wifi
        if (mSettingsStore.isAirplaneModeOn() && !isFromSettings) {
            mLog.info("setWifiEnabled in Airplane mode: only Settings can enable wifi").flush();
            return false;
        }

        // If SoftAp is enabled, only Settings is allowed to toggle wifi
        boolean apEnabled =
                mWifiStateMachine.syncGetWifiApState() != WifiManager.WIFI_AP_STATE_DISABLED;

        if (apEnabled && !isFromSettings) {
            mLog.info("setWifiEnabled SoftAp not disabled: only Settings can enable wifi").flush();
            return false;
        }

        /*
        * Caller might not have WRITE_SECURE_SETTINGS,
        * only CHANGE_WIFI_STATE is enforced
        */
        long ident = Binder.clearCallingIdentity();
        try {
            if (! mSettingsStore.handleWifiToggled(enable)) {
                // Nothing to do if wifi cannot be toggled
                return true;
            }
        } finally {
            Binder.restoreCallingIdentity(ident);
        }


        if (mPermissionReviewRequired) {
            final int wiFiEnabledState = getWifiEnabledState();
            if (enable) {
                if (wiFiEnabledState == WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_DISABLING
                        || wiFiEnabledState == WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_DISABLED) {
                    if (startConsentUi(packageName, Binder.getCallingUid(),
                            WifiManager.ACTION_REQUEST_ENABLE)) {
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            } else if (wiFiEnabledState == WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_ENABLING
                    || wiFiEnabledState == WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_ENABLED) {
                if (startConsentUi(packageName, Binder.getCallingUid(),
                        WifiManager.ACTION_REQUEST_DISABLE)) {
                    return true;
                }
            }
        }

        mWifiController.sendMessage(CMD_WIFI_TOGGLED);
        return true;
    }mWifiController.sendMessage(CMD_WIFI_TOGGLED);
        return true;
    }

mSettingsStore.handleWifiToggled(enable)设置一下SettingsProvider中存储的WIFI_ON的值

    private void persistWifiState(int state) {
        final ContentResolver cr = mContext.getContentResolver();
        mPersistWifiState = state;
        Settings.Global.putInt(cr, Settings.Global.WIFI_ON, state);
    }
    /* Values tracked in Settings.Global.WIFI_ON */
    static final int WIFI_DISABLED                      = 0;
    static final int WIFI_ENABLED                       = 1;

    /* Wifi enabled while in airplane mode */
    private static final int WIFI_ENABLED_AIRPLANE_OVERRIDE     = 2;
    /* Wifi disabled due to airplane mode on */
    private static final int WIFI_DISABLED_AIRPLANE_ON          = 3;
    public synchronized boolean handleWifiToggled(boolean wifiEnabled) {
        // Can Wi-Fi be toggled in airplane mode ?
        if (mAirplaneModeOn && !isAirplaneToggleable()) {
            return false;
        }

        if (wifiEnabled) {
            if (mAirplaneModeOn) {
                persistWifiState(WIFI_ENABLED_AIRPLANE_OVERRIDE);
            } else {
                persistWifiState(WIFI_ENABLED);
            }
        } else {
            // When wifi state is disabled, we do not care
            // if airplane mode is on or not. The scenario of
            // wifi being disabled due to airplane mode being turned on
            // is handled handleAirplaneModeToggled()
            persistWifiState(WIFI_DISABLED);
        }
        return true;
    }

这里接着会调用到WifiController,WifiController是个状态机设计模式,也就是说会根据WiFi的不同状态决定处理WiFi消息的不同逻辑。

初始化逻辑如下:

        addState(mDefaultState);
            addState(mApStaDisabledState, mDefaultState);
            addState(mStaEnabledState, mDefaultState);
                addState(mDeviceActiveState, mStaEnabledState);
                addState(mDeviceInactiveState, mStaEnabledState);
                    addState(mScanOnlyLockHeldState, mDeviceInactiveState);
                    addState(mFullLockHeldState, mDeviceInactiveState);
                    addState(mFullHighPerfLockHeldState, mDeviceInactiveState);
                    addState(mNoLockHeldState, mDeviceInactiveState);
            addState(mStaDisabledWithScanState, mDefaultState);
            addState(mApEnabledState, mDefaultState);
            addState(mEcmState, mDefaultState);

 

 

 

2.2.3 WifiController

WifiController的状态比较多,而我比较关注从关闭到打开的状态变化,即:

   class ApStaDisabledState extends State {
        private int mDeferredEnableSerialNumber = 0;
        private boolean mHaveDeferredEnable = false;
        private long mDisabledTimestamp;

        @Override
        public void enter() {
            mWifiStateMachine.setSupplicantRunning(false);
            // Supplicant can't restart right away, so not the time we switched off
            mDisabledTimestamp = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime();
            mDeferredEnableSerialNumber++;
            mHaveDeferredEnable = false;
            mWifiStateMachine.clearANQPCache();
        }
        @Override
        public boolean processMessage(Message msg) {
            switch (msg.what) {
                case CMD_WIFI_TOGGLED:
                case CMD_AIRPLANE_TOGGLED:
                    if (mSettingsStore.isWifiToggleEnabled()) {
                        if (doDeferEnable(msg)) {
                            if (mHaveDeferredEnable) {
                                //  have 2 toggles now, inc serial number an ignore both
                                mDeferredEnableSerialNumber++;
                            }
                            mHaveDeferredEnable = !mHaveDeferredEnable;
                            break;
                        }
                        if (mDeviceIdle == false) {
                            // wifi is toggled, we need to explicitly tell WifiStateMachine that we
                            // are headed to connect mode before going to the DeviceActiveState
                            // since that will start supplicant and WifiStateMachine may not know
                            // what state to head to (it might go to scan mode).
                            mWifiStateMachine.setOperationalMode(WifiStateMachine.CONNECT_MODE);
                            transitionTo(mDeviceActiveState);
                        } else {
                            checkLocksAndTransitionWhenDeviceIdle();
                        }
                    } else if (mSettingsStore.isScanAlwaysAvailable()) {
                        transitionTo(mStaDisabledWithScanState);
                    }
                    break;mSettingsStore.isWifiToggleEnabled()) {
                        if (doDeferEnable(msg)) {
                            if (mHaveDeferredEnable) {
                                //  have 2 toggles now, inc serial number an ignore both
                                mDeferredEnableSerialNumber++;
                            }
                            mHaveDeferredEnable = !mHaveDeferredEnable;
                            break;
                        }
                        if (mDeviceIdle == false) {
                            // wifi is toggled, we need to explicitly tell WifiStateMachine that we
                            // are headed to connect mode before going to the DeviceActiveState
                            // since that will start supplicant and WifiStateMachine may not know
                            // what state to head to (it might go to scan mode).
                            mWifiStateMachine.setOperationalMode(WifiStateMachine.CONNECT_MODE);
                            transitionTo(mDeviceActiveState);
                        } else {
                            checkLocksAndTransitionWhenDeviceIdle();
                        }
                    } else if (mSettingsStore.isScanAlwaysAvailable()) {
                        transitionTo(mStaDisabledWithScanState);
                    }
                    break;

现在就上面一串代码挨个解析。

WifiServiceImpl在走到WifiController之前有提及修改了一下SettingsProvider,其实也顺带改了一下WifiSettingsStore的mPersistWifiState值,用来标记wifi状态。

persistWifiState(WIFI_ENABLED);
    public synchronized boolean isWifiToggleEnabled() {
        if (!mCheckSavedStateAtBoot) {
            mCheckSavedStateAtBoot = true;
            if (testAndClearWifiSavedState()) return true;
        }

        if (mAirplaneModeOn) {
            return mPersistWifiState == WIFI_ENABLED_AIRPLANE_OVERRIDE;
        } else {
            return mPersistWifiState != WIFI_DISABLED;
        }
    }

收到消息也不是立刻处理的:

        private boolean doDeferEnable(Message msg) {
            long delaySoFar = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - mDisabledTimestamp;
            if (delaySoFar >= mReEnableDelayMillis) {
                return false;
            }

            log("WifiController msg " + msg + " deferred for " +
                    (mReEnableDelayMillis - delaySoFar) + "ms");

            // need to defer this action.
            Message deferredMsg = obtainMessage(CMD_DEFERRED_TOGGLE);
            deferredMsg.obj = Message.obtain(msg);
            deferredMsg.arg1 = ++mDeferredEnableSerialNumber;
            sendMessageDelayed(deferredMsg, mReEnableDelayMillis - delaySoFar + DEFER_MARGIN_MS);
            return true;
        }
...
        mReEnableDelayMillis = mFacade.getLongSetting(mContext,
                Settings.Global.WIFI_REENABLE_DELAY_MS, DEFAULT_REENABLE_DELAY_MS);
    /**
     * See {@link Settings.Global#WIFI_REENABLE_DELAY_MS}.  This is the default value if a
     * Settings.Global value is not present.  This is the minimum time after wifi is disabled
     * we'll act on an enable.  Enable requests received before this delay will be deferred.
     */
    private static final long DEFAULT_REENABLE_DELAY_MS = 500;

wifi关闭后立刻打开有可能流程还没走完导致问题(压力测试会频繁开关WiFi),所以这边Google应该考虑到这点加了个最短时限500ms,如果短于这时间,就强迫补个差来个500+5ms的延时。

以小于500ms的间隔发送消息会由于mDeferredEnableSerialNumber值自增导致前一个消息失效。

                case CMD_DEFERRED_TOGGLE:
                    if (msg.arg1 != mDeferredEnableSerialNumber) {
                        log("DEFERRED_TOGGLE ignored due to serial mismatch");
                        break;
                    }
                    log("DEFERRED_TOGGLE handled");
                    sendMessage((Message)(msg.obj));
                    break;

接着状态机会走到如下逻辑中去,除了WifiStateMachine外,还会将状态改为mDeviceActiveState。

                            // wifi is toggled, we need to explicitly tell WifiStateMachine that we
                            // are headed to connect mode before going to the DeviceActiveState
                            // since that will start supplicant and WifiStateMachine may not know
                            // what state to head to (it might go to scan mode).
                            mWifiStateMachine.setOperationalMode(WifiStateMachine.CONNECT_MODE);
                            transitionTo(mDeviceActiveState);

由于是一个类,看下StaEnabledState(DeviceActiveState的父状态)和DeviceActiveState,状态机设计模式状态改变会先走进父状态的enter中。

    class StaEnabledState extends State {
        @Override
        public void enter() {
            mWifiStateMachine.setSupplicantRunning(true);
        }

 

    /* Parent: StaEnabledState */
    class DeviceActiveState extends State {
        @Override
        public void enter() {
            mWifiStateMachine.setOperationalMode(WifiStateMachine.CONNECT_MODE);
            mWifiStateMachine.setHighPerfModeEnabled(false);
        }

可以看到其实是调用顺序

 
  1. mWifiStateMachine.setOperationalMode(WifiStateMachine.CONNECT_MODE);
  2. mWifiStateMachine.setSupplicantRunning(true);
  3. mWifiStateMachine.setOperationalMode(WifiStateMachine.CONNECT_MODE);
  4. mWifiStateMachine.setHighPerfModeEnabled(false);

2.2.4 WifiStateMachine

wifiStateMachine也是一个状态机:

        // CHECKSTYLE:OFF IndentationCheck
        addState(mDefaultState);
            addState(mInitialState, mDefaultState);
            addState(mSupplicantStartingState, mDefaultState);
            addState(mSupplicantStartedState, mDefaultState);
                    addState(mScanModeState, mSupplicantStartedState);
                    addState(mConnectModeState, mSupplicantStartedState);
                        addState(mL2ConnectedState, mConnectModeState);
                            addState(mObtainingIpState, mL2ConnectedState);
                            addState(mConnectedState, mL2ConnectedState);
                            addState(mRoamingState, mL2ConnectedState);
                        addState(mDisconnectingState, mConnectModeState);
                        addState(mDisconnectedState, mConnectModeState);
                        addState(mWpsRunningState, mConnectModeState);
                addState(mWaitForP2pDisableState, mSupplicantStartedState);
            addState(mSupplicantStoppingState, mDefaultState);
            addState(mSoftApState, mDefaultState);
        // CHECKSTYLE:ON IndentationCheck

 

这里看下WifiController下发的4个操作

 

1、3)setOperationalMode:

/**
 * Track the state of Wifi connectivity. All event handling is done here,
 * and all changes in connectivity state are initiated here.
 *
 * Wi-Fi now supports three modes of operation: Client, SoftAp and p2p
 * In the current implementation, we support concurrent wifi p2p and wifi operation.
 * The WifiStateMachine handles SoftAp and Client operations while WifiP2pService
 * handles p2p operation.
 *
 * @hide
 */
public class WifiStateMachine extends StateMachine implements WifiNative.WifiRssiEventHandler,
        WifiMulticastLockManager.FilterController {    
    /**
     * TODO: doc
     */
    public void setOperationalMode(int mode) {
        if (mVerboseLoggingEnabled) log("setting operational mode to " + String.valueOf(mode));
        sendMessage(CMD_SET_OPERATIONAL_MODE, mode, 0);
    })

2)setSupplicantRunning

    /**
     * TODO: doc
     */
    public void setSupplicantRunning(boolean enable) {
        if (enable) {
            sendMessage(CMD_START_SUPPLICANT);
        } else {
            sendMessage(CMD_STOP_SUPPLICANT);
        }
    }

4)  setHighPerfModeEnabled

   /**
     * Set high performance mode of operation.
     * Enabling would set active power mode and disable suspend optimizations;
     * disabling would set auto power mode and enable suspend optimizations
     *
     * @param enable true if enable, false otherwise
     */
    public void setHighPerfModeEnabled(boolean enable) {
        sendMessage(CMD_SET_HIGH_PERF_MODE, enable ? 1 : 0, 0);
    }

 

来看下初始状态对消息的处理

 

    class InitialState extends State {

        private void cleanup() {
            // Tearing down the client interfaces below is going to stop our supplicant.
            mWifiMonitor.stopAllMonitoring();

            mDeathRecipient.unlinkToDeath();
            mWifiNative.tearDown();
        }

        @Override
        public void enter() {
            mWifiStateTracker.updateState(WifiStateTracker.INVALID);
            cleanup();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean processMessage(Message message) {
            logStateAndMessage(message, this);
            switch (message.what) {
                case CMD_START_SUPPLICANT:
                    Pair<Integer, IClientInterface> statusAndInterface =
                            mWifiNative.setupForClientMode();
                    if (statusAndInterface.first == WifiNative.SETUP_SUCCESS) {
                        mClientInterface = statusAndInterface.second;
                    } else {
                        incrementMetricsForSetupFailure(statusAndInterface.first);
                    }
                    if (mClientInterface == null
                            || !mDeathRecipient.linkToDeath(mClientInterface.asBinder())) {
                        setWifiState(WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_UNKNOWN);
                        cleanup();
                        break;
                    }

                    try {
                        // A runtime crash or shutting down AP mode can leave
                        // IP addresses configured, and this affects
                        // connectivity when supplicant starts up.
                        // Ensure we have no IP addresses before a supplicant start.
                        mNwService.clearInterfaceAddresses(mInterfaceName);

                        // Set privacy extensions
                        mNwService.setInterfaceIpv6PrivacyExtensions(mInterfaceName, true);

                        // IPv6 is enabled only as long as access point is connected since:
                        // - IPv6 addresses and routes stick around after disconnection
                        // - kernel is unaware when connected and fails to start IPv6 negotiation
                        // - kernel can start autoconfiguration when 802.1x is not complete
                        mNwService.disableIpv6(mInterfaceName);
                    } catch (RemoteException re) {
                        loge("Unable to change interface settings: " + re);
                    } catch (IllegalStateException ie) {
                        loge("Unable to change interface settings: " + ie);
                    }

                    if (!mWifiNative.enableSupplicant()) {
                        loge("Failed to start supplicant!");
                        setWifiState(WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_UNKNOWN);
                        cleanup();
                        break;
                    }
                    if (mVerboseLoggingEnabled) log("Supplicant start successful");
                    mWifiMonitor.startMonitoring(mInterfaceName, true);
                    mWifiInjector.getWifiLastResortWatchdog().clearAllFailureCounts();
                    setSupplicantLogLevel();
                    transitionTo(mSupplicantStartingState);
                    break;
                case CMD_START_AP:
                    transitionTo(mSoftApState);
                    break;
                case CMD_SET_OPERATIONAL_MODE:
                    mOperationalMode = message.arg1;
                    if (mOperationalMode != DISABLED_MODE) {
                        sendMessage(CMD_START_SUPPLICANT);
                    }
                    break;
                default:
                    return NOT_HANDLED;
            }
            return HANDLED;
        }
    }

在InitialState 中 1、 3 步最后走的逻辑和第2步是一样的,都是发出了一个CMD_START_SUPPLICANT消息,不是很懂这块处理逻辑=-=搜了下真正对CONNECT_MODE有处理的是以下状态,应该是第3步发出的消息会得到ScanModeState的处理:

   class ScanModeState extends State {
        private int mLastOperationMode;
        @Override
        public void enter() {
            mLastOperationMode = mOperationalMode;
            mWifiStateTracker.updateState(WifiStateTracker.SCAN_MODE);
        }
        @Override
        public boolean processMessage(Message message) {
            logStateAndMessage(message, this);

            switch(message.what) {
                case CMD_SET_OPERATIONAL_MODE:
                    if (message.arg1 == CONNECT_MODE) {
                        mOperationalMode = CONNECT_MODE;
                        setWifiState(WIFI_STATE_ENABLING);
                        transitionTo(mDisconnectedState);
                    } else if (message.arg1 == DISABLED_MODE) {
                        transitionTo(mSupplicantStoppingState);
                    }
                    // Nothing to do
                    break;
                // Handle scan. All the connection related commands are
                // handled only in ConnectModeState
                case CMD_START_SCAN:
                    handleScanRequest(message);
                    break;
                default:
                    return NOT_HANDLED;
            }
            return HANDLED;
        }
    }

 

先看下接收到该消息进行的关键操作:

 

 

  1. mWifiNative.enableSupplicant()
  2. mWifiMonitor.startMonitoring(mInterfaceName, true);
  3. 切换到SupplicantStartingState状态

PS:

    /**
    * Enable wpa_supplicant via wificond.
    * @return Returns true on success.
    */
    public boolean enableSupplicant() {
        return mWificondControl.enableSupplicant();
    }
    /**
     * Start Monitoring for wpa_supplicant events.
     *
     * @param iface Name of iface.
     * TODO: Add unit tests for these once we remove the legacy code.
     */
    public synchronized void startMonitoring(String iface, boolean isStaIface) {
        if (ensureConnectedLocked()) {
            setMonitoring(iface, true);
            broadcastSupplicantConnectionEvent(iface);
        } else {
            boolean originalMonitoring = isMonitoring(iface);
            setMonitoring(iface, true);
            broadcastSupplicantDisconnectionEvent(iface);
            setMonitoring(iface, originalMonitoring);
            Log.e(TAG, "startMonitoring(" + iface + ") failed!");
        }
    }

 

 

看切换完了再收到这个消息后就是延迟发送了,后面估计是轮到哪个状态就是不同的处理逻辑的,但就我看来这个消息主要就是start supplicant的,start完了应该完成任务了。

 

 

                case CMD_SET_OPERATIONAL_MODE:
                    messageHandlingStatus = MESSAGE_HANDLING_STATUS_DEFERRED;
                    deferMessage(message);
                    break;

至于第4步

SupplicantStartedState状态会处理:

                case CMD_SET_HIGH_PERF_MODE:
                    if (message.arg1 == 1) {
                        setSuspendOptimizations(SUSPEND_DUE_TO_HIGH_PERF, false);
                    } else {
                        setSuspendOptimizations(SUSPEND_DUE_TO_HIGH_PERF, true);
                    }
                    break;

都是WifiNative的代码,溜了溜了。

    private void setSuspendOptimizationsNative(int reason, boolean enabled) {
        if (mVerboseLoggingEnabled) {
            log("setSuspendOptimizationsNative: " + reason + " " + enabled
                    + " -want " + mUserWantsSuspendOpt.get()
                    + " stack:" + Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[2].getMethodName()
                    + " - " + Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[3].getMethodName()
                    + " - " + Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[4].getMethodName()
                    + " - " + Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[5].getMethodName());
        }
        //mWifiNative.setSuspendOptimizations(enabled);

        if (enabled) {
            mSuspendOptNeedsDisabled &= ~reason;
            /* None of dhcp, screen or highperf need it disabled and user wants it enabled */
            if (mSuspendOptNeedsDisabled == 0 && mUserWantsSuspendOpt.get()) {
                if (mVerboseLoggingEnabled) {
                    log("setSuspendOptimizationsNative do it " + reason + " " + enabled
                            + " stack:" + Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[2].getMethodName()
                            + " - " + Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[3].getMethodName()
                            + " - " + Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[4].getMethodName()
                            + " - " + Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()[5].getMethodName());
                }
                mWifiNative.setSuspendOptimizations(true);
            }
        } else {
            mSuspendOptNeedsDisabled |= reason;
            mWifiNative.setSuspendOptimizations(false);
        }
    }

感觉分析的有点糙,再看看,后期不定时完善。。。

继续梳理见

1.(五十八)Android O WiFi启动流程梳理续——setupForClientMode

2.(五十九)Android O WiFi启动流程梳理续——enableSupplicant

 

3. 总结

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